Lesson 44: Chi-Square Goodness-of-Fit Tests

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Suppose the Penn State student population is 60% female and 40% male. Then, if a sample of 100 students yields 53 females and 47 males, can we conclude that the sample is (random and) representative of the population? That is, how "good" do the data "fit" the probability model? As the title of the lesson suggests, that's the kind of question that we will answer in this lesson.